Excursion to Chichen Itza and Ik-kil (Saturday, November 16)

Recommended attire: Light sportswear, bathing suite, towel, walking shoes, hat, camera and sun tan lotion

We expect to arrive at Chichen Itza around 10:00. The visit will start with a guided tour, commenting the history of the Maya civilization and the various buildings such as the Temple of the Warriors, the Observatory, the Castle, the Thousand-Columns, the sacrificial well, the Tzompantli, and many others. After the explanations the tour guide will give you free time at will to visit the archaeological site, so you can take pictures, climb the main temple El Castillo and more.

There are two styles in the architecture of Chichen Itza. The first period (500 - 700 A.D.) is authentically Maya, the second (950 - 1200) shows Toltec influence. One of the best web sites on Chichen Itza is this one. Photos of Chichen Itza can be found on many other web sites, such as this, this and the Science museum of Minnesota. Some show the snake as it appears on the great pyramid during the equinox, in just one photo or a time-series.

After the visit of Chichen Itza, we will have a buffet lunch at only 5 minutes from Chichen Itza. After the lunch you can relax or enjoy a jump in the fresh water of one of the most important and impressive natural wells ("cenote") in the Yucatan Peninsula: Ik-kil, which in Mayan language means "The place of the four winds". This well is 38 meters wide and 28 meters depth and at the bottom is a delicious, calm and transparent blue water. You can reach the bottom by normal stairs (very accessible). At the bottom there is a platform for swimmers.

You can find here some photos of the Ik-kil cenote. The Cenotes were special to the Maya for their religious and social significance.

I also recommend the following web pages on archaeoastronomy and the Mayas:

mesoamerican archaeoastronomy
maya astronomy a very nice page by Michiel Berger, Amsterdam
the maya calendar
the maya calendar and the lunar glyphs
maya timeline


More on Chichen Itza and Archeoastronomy

Chichen Itza and Yucatan sites
Chichen Itza Mexico Mayan Ruins Maya History
Maya Ruins Chichen Itza, Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico (just photos)
Chichen Itza, Mexico
Introduction
Chichen Itza and Yucatan sites
The Maya and chocolate
The Center for Archaeoastronomy
Brief Introduction to Archaeoastronomy
ARCHAEOASTRONOMY PAGES by James Q. Jacobs


General Tourist Information

Lonely Planet Online
Rough Guides
Arthur Frommer's Budget Travel Online : Destinations : Cancun
Useful Travel Links - (kropla.com)
Cancun ... Mexico's Premier Resort, Caribe Net's complete vacation guide
Here you will find out where the Resorts are located - (Westin hotel = number 105)
Bird watching


Weather

Central America satellite picture (USA Today)
USA TODAY Latest news
weather forecast Cancun

CNN
CNN - Cancun (not updated?)
CNN - Cancun (new page)

weather.com
weather.com - Cancun

See also the weather map of the whole Earth


Air Travel

The following links have not been checked for the claims they make, and not even for their usefulness.
Explore at your own risk ...

1travel.com: Flight Request
About.com - Travel
Air Travel Price Guide
Airline Search Form
Air-Supply Travel - Same Seat.Same Airline.Cheaper Fare
Atevo Travel: Welcome to Atevo Travel!
BIG AIRFARE CUTS INDEX
Cheap Tickets: Home
CheapestDeals.com, Find the Best Deals
Consolidator Airline Travel Online
Consolidator Airline Travel Online - discount travel, consolidator airfare, cheap tickets
Discount Airfares: Who's Cheapest
INTERNET AIR FARES
LastMinuteTravel.com - The Global Marketplace of Just-released Offers.
OneTravel.com -- Low Price. Great Advice. All In One.
Orbitz
Priceline.com - Name Your Own Price
SideStep
The best deals on flights - online
Travel Secrets
Travel Secrets - How airlines sell off otherwise empty seats, offering up to 70% discounts..
Travel with Expedia.com Travel
Travelocity.com-airline tickets, hotel accommodations and car reservations online
WebFlyer - The Web's Frequent Flyer Authority
Welcome to Preview Travel


Airline Seat Maps
USA TODAY - flight plan
Washingtonpost.com: travel - flight tracking
Airline Seats - Air Travel - Net Links
USA TODAY - flight plan
Flight Preferences


2002 September 24
iau215@astro.ugto.mx
www.astro.ugto.mx/~eenens/iau215/